According to Angel  the urban land cover in developing countries will increase fromkm2 in tokm2 in and to 1, km2 in So, urbanization leaded to resource depletion, increasing level of waste and pollution, and the reduction of species in the urban environments .
The long-term development objective of the programme is to improve the human settlements conditions of the Palestinian people and in so doing contribute in a modest way to reaching peace, security and stability in the region.
Broadly speaking effective urbanisation is a choice, a human choice that is not achieved by chance but by design and political will.
The positive outcomes of urbanisation depend largely on the quality of that design. And so there is the potential for urbanization to be a driver for sustainable development in the State of Palestine.
But at the same time, there are well known challenges to doing so. Or in Gaza, where recurrent conflict has killed thousands of people, devastated the urban space, destroyed and damaged thousands of homes, and where reconstruction is proceeding too slowly.
Or Jerusalem, where one city is divided by multiple growing inequalities.
Urbanization, as a positive force for development in Palestine, is a phenomenon significantly interrupted by the occupation. Yet, there is no development without urbanization, a fact we have to acknowledge against the long process of final political settlement leading to two States living side by side in peace and security.
To be clear, the UN seeks a just resolution to issues including the demarcation of borders, Israeli settlements, the status of Jerusalem, water and natural resources, the Gaza blockade, and Palestinian refugees, together with affirmative actions to cease the destruction of Palestinian property.
UN-Habitat — as articulated through its recent analysis on East Jerusalem, Area C, and Gaza, and as echoed in the One UN Position Paper on Spatial Planning in Area C — believes there are practical measures that can be taken to foster sustainable urbanization for the State of Palestine, which in turn can improve the conditions for peace.
For Gaza specifically, Israel must end the blockade to allow the cities to build back better through innovative and participatory urban planning approaches. UN-Habitat is now playing a more substantive role in Palestine — leading debate on urbanization issues, supporting NGOs, government and private sector firms on planning, and informing advocacy efforts by the international community on planning and building rights for Palestinian communities in Area C and East Jerusalem.It is hard to see how urbanization can foster development in Palestine where over 60% of the West Bank, known as Area C, is under a restrictive planning process that is discriminatory and not in conformity with international humanitarian and human rights law.
Therefore, the political factor is the major driving force which affected the urban development process and urban expansion trends in the Palestinian Urban Environment, and it is the main challenge facing urban development in the Palestinian urban environment   .
Wildfires in Israel and Palestine – A Fuel for Conflict or an Opportunity for Building Trust? 3 thoughts on “ Land and Conflict in East Jerusalem: the Role of Urban Planning ” Vijay K Vijayaratnam In fact when I was attending the world summit on sustainable development in ,the problem of water sharing was one of the main.
A GIS team created the Integrated Spatial Information System of the Palestine Ministry of Local Government to manage urban development in the West Bank and the .
BASIC URBAN DESIGN PRINCIPLES Prepared by: RobaZiara HadeelAl mahrok November, Development of the urban environment has serious effects on the quality of the global environment.
Major Sustainable Urban Design and Climate: With Reference to Palestine. Thus, the Urban Planning Support Programme encourages a participatory planning approach, giving Palestinian communities a voice in the planning process. The key focus of the programme is on preparing the ground to legalize the maximum number of buildings, to create public space and to create opportunities for investment in housing and services.