She was an unassuming figure: Copenhagen in the s and s had crooked streets where carriages rarely went. Kierkegaard loved to walk them. InKierkegaard wrote, "I had real Christian satisfaction in the thought that, if there were no other, there was definitely one man in Copenhagen whom every poor person could freely accost and converse with on the street; that, if there were no other, there was one man who, whatever the society he most commonly frequented, did not shun contact with the poor, but greeted every maidservant he was acquainted with, every manservant, every common laborer.
Jay Dyer In the course of what is now titled Continental Philosophy, three figures stand out as preeminent thinkers able to probe the innermost depths of the human psyche in a way previously unknown since perhaps Shakespeare: Scientific knowledge, or more specifically, scientism, becomes the dominant paradigm by which all things are measured, be it religion, politics, economics and the marketplace.
Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Dostoevsky would take this same methodology and turn it in on itself. Is it possible that Bacon and his Enlightenment progeny were guilty of the very things he sought to destroy? For Nietzsche, the influence of Soren Kierkegaard must first be mentioned. Kierkegaard had struggled with the complacency and formalism of the Lutheran official church of his day, resulting in an introspective journey that would cause him to even question the nature of the self.
For Kierkegaard, this is the only way to escape the continual dialectic fallen man is trapped in by virtue of being a son of Adam. Critic Merold Westphal writes: For these three secular masters of suspicion [Marx, Nietzsche and Freud], the illusions that must be unmasked are those of self-interest masquerading as duty and virtue, and egoism pretending to the world and to itself that it is altruism.
But sin is no more than selfishness vis-a-vis my neighbor.
It is also the failure to love God with all my heart. Human self-deception now includes the will to autonomy from God alongside the will to dominance over my neighbor. Inevitably its introduction into the story adds the whole new dimension to the art of suspicion.
For Nietzsche, the Enlightenment had given rise to critique, or the art of suspicion, and in so doing, had tossed aside God. Yet with Kierkegaard and then Nietzsche and Dostoevsky as we shall seewe begin to see the problem with this abstraction.
The seeds of individualism had been laid. The mind thereby functions as the mirror in whose reflection truth originates. But if so, how can it know itself, Gassendi wondered. The physical eye, incapable of seeing itself directly, nevertheless is able to see itself in the mirror, yet for Descartes, there is no mirror beyond the mind.
If we do not know the nature of the mirror, however, how can we evaluate its capacity for reflecting the true nature of things? In this objection lies the entire problem of knowledge as representation. Unless the eye know itself, how could it know how and, in the end, what it reflects?What is Existential-Phenomenology?
What is Phenomenology? "As good a place to begin as any is the meaning of the term phenomenology itself. It is derived from the two Greek words: phainomenon (an "appearance") and logos ("reason" or "word," hence a "reasoned inquiry").
Phenomenology is indeed a reasoned inquiry which discovers the inherent essences of appearances. Inspirational Quotes Funeral Quotes and Headstone Sayings below may be used in a eulogy, memorial service, funeral program, or ideas for a headstone inscription.
Some excellent and detailed lists of famous Lutherans are available on the external websites listed in the box to the right. When we have found names of additional famous Lutherans not listed on these other pages, or when we have created dedicated spiritual biographies for . Inspirational Quotes Funeral Quotes and Headstone Sayings below may be used in a eulogy, memorial service, funeral program, or ideas for a headstone inscription. A collection of famous quotes about the importance of walking, from sources like John Muir, Jane Austen, Henry David Thoreau, Ernest Hemingway, and Ellen DeGeneres.
Friedrich Nietzsche developed his philosophy during the late 19th century. He owed the awakening of his philosophical interest to reading Arthur Schopenhauer's Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung (The World as Will and Representation, , revised ) and said that Schopenhauer was one of the few thinkers that he respected, dedicating to him his essay Schopenhauer als Erzieher (Schopenhauer.
Some excellent and detailed lists of famous Lutherans are available on the external websites listed in the box to the right. When we have found names of additional famous Lutherans not listed on these other pages, or when we have created dedicated spiritual biographies for .
A brief discussion of the life and works of Soren Kierkegaard, with links to electronic texts and additional information. Fear and Trembling (Penguin Classics) [Soren Kierkegaard, Alastair Hannay, Johannes de Silentio] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The infamous and controversial work that made a lasting impression on both modern Protestant theology and existentialist philosophers such as Sartre and Camus Writing under the pseudonym of Johannes de silentio.