Organizational theory

They wait six to eight hours for treatment. The goal is to decrease waiting time and the number of walkouts and to improve care and patient satisfaction. Success at the task would most likely depend on how well the consultant grasped some basic principals about organizations.

Organizational theory

Organizational theory draws from various bodies of knowledge and disciplines.

Main Themes

Some types of organizational theories include classical, neoclassical, contingency, systems and organizational Organizational theory. These variations on organizational theory draw from multiple perspectives, including modern and postmodern views.

Classical Organizational Theory Organizational theory classical perspective of management originated during the Industrial Revolution. It focuses primarily on efficiency and productivity and does not take into account behavioral attributes of employees. Classical organizational theory combines aspects of scientific management, bureaucratic theory and administrative theory.

Organizational theory

Scientific management involves obtaining optimal equipment and personnel and then carefully scrutinizing each component of the production process, states StatPac Inc, an international software development and research company.

Bureaucratic theory places importance on establishing a hierarchical structure of power. Administrative theory strives to establish universal management principles relevant to all organizations.

What is Organizational Theory? definition and meaning - Business Jargons

Neoclassical Organization Neoclassical organizational theory is a reaction to the authoritarian structure of classical theory. The neoclassical approach emphasizes the human needs of employees to be happy in the workplace, cited StatPac Inc.

This allows creativity, individual growth and motivation, which increases productivity and profits. Managers utilizing the neoclassical approach manipulate the work environment to produce positive results.

Video of the Day Brought to you by Techwalla Brought to you by Techwalla Contingency Theory Contingency theory views conflict in the workplace as inescapable, but also manageable.

This differs from classical and neoclassical theories that interpret conflict as interference with organizational equilibrium. Managerial authority is especially important for highly volatile industries.

Key questions, units of analysis, and debates

This allows managers the freedom to make decisions based on current situations. The contingency theory reveals situations that require more intense focus and takes account of unique circumstances. Systems Theory Systems theorists believe all organizational components are interrelated.

Changes in one component may affect all other components, according to StatPac. Systems theory views organizations as open systems in a state of dynamic equilibrium, which are continually changing and adapting to environment and circumstance.

Nonlinear relationships between organizational components create a complex understanding of organizations in systems theory.


Organizational Structure Organizational structure became an important aspect of organizational theory due to the increasing complexity of multinational organizations. Project management structure focuses on the project manager for information and activities related to specific projects. The matrix organizational structure has permanently established departments that facilitate project management.

The continual exchange of information and energy characterizes the relationship between organizational structure and environment.Organizational theory studies organizations, the behavior and attitudes of individuals within them, and how the organization is affected by external forces.

Various theories are based on different disciplines such as classical, neoclassical, contingency, systems and bureaucratic theory. Principles of Organizational Theory; What Is the Relationship Between Organizational Behavior & Psychological Theories?

Organizational theory

What Is the Role Theory in Organizational Leadership? Logo Return to Top. Organization-theory literature is primarily concerned with explaining organizational structure, performance, and survival.

Scholars in this field have aimed at developing a general theory of organization and analytical tools that are designed to apply to all types of formal organizations, including those in the public sector.

Organization theory |

Organizational Theory Definition: The Organizational Theory refers to the set of interrelated concepts, definitions that explain the behavior of individuals or groups or subgroups, who interacts with each other to perform the activities intended towards the accomplishment of a common goal.

Classical organization theory includes the scientific management approach, Weber's bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory. The scientific management approach is based on the concept of planning of work to achieve efficiency, standardization, specialization and simplification.

The neoclassical organizational theory, which evolved as a reaction to the rigid, authoritarian structure of the classical organizational theory, focuses on the importance of human relations and behavior in the workplace (Docherty et al., ).

Organizational Theory |