Haiti Hit by 7. Army after he was found in the ruins of a damaged building in Port-au-Prince, Tuesday, Jan. It was two weeks since the Jan.
See Article History Haiti earthquake oflarge-scale earthquake that occurred January 12,on the West Indian island of Hispaniolacomprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island.
An exact death toll proved elusive in the ensuing chaos. The official Haitian government count was more than , but other estimates were considerably smaller. Hundreds of thousands of survivors were displaced.
The earthquake The earthquake hit at 4: The initial shock registered a magnitude of 7. More aftershocks occurred in the following days, including another one of magnitude 5.
Haiti had not been hit by an earthquake of such enormity since the 18th century, the closest in force being a shock of magnitude 6. Haiti earthquake of Map of Haiti depicting the intensity of shaking and the degree of damage incurred by the Jan. Geologists initially blamed the earthquake on the movement of the Caribbean tectonic plate eastward along the Enriquillo—Plantain Garden EPG strike-slip fault system.
However, when no surface deformation was observed, the rupturing of the main strand of the fault system was ruled out as a cause. Occurring at a depth of 8. Without adequate reinforcement, the buildings disintegrated under the force of the quake, killing or trapping their occupants.
In Port-au-Prince the cathedral and the National Palace were both heavily damaged, as were the United Nations headquarters, national penitentiary, and parliament building.
The city, already beset by a strained and inadequate infrastructure and still recovering from the two tropical storms and two hurricanes of August—Septemberwas ill-equipped to deal with such a disaster.
Other affected areas of the country—faced with comparable weaknesses—were similarly unprepared. A week after the event, little aid had reached beyond Port-au-Prince; after another week, supplies were being distributed only sporadically to other urban areas.
Operations to rescue those trapped under the wreckage—which had freed over people—had mostly ceased two weeks into the crisis, as hope that anyone could have survived for that length of time without food or water began to fade.
However, there were still occasional recoveries of people who had managed to survive such confinement for weeks by rationing the meagre supplies available to them.
Navy personnel in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Jan. Of these, over one million were left homeless in the immediate aftermath. In the devastated urban areas, the displaced were forced to squat in ersatz cities composed of found materials and donated tents. Looting—restrained in the early days following the quake—became more prevalent in the absence of sufficient supplies and was exacerbated in the capital by the escape of several thousand prisoners from the damaged penitentiary.
In the second week of the aftermath, many urbanites began streaming into outlying areas, either of their own volition or as a result of governmental relocation programs engineered to alleviate crowded and unsanitary conditions. The onset of decay forced the interment of many bodies in mass graves, and recovery of those buried under the rubble was impeded by a shortage of heavy-lifting equipment, making death tolls difficult to determine.
Figures released by Haitian government officials at the end of March placed the death toll atpeople, though there was significant disagreement over the exact figure, and some estimated that nearly a hundred thousand more had perished.
In JanuaryHaitian officials announced the revised figure ofdeaths. The draft of a report commissioned by the U. Officials from the U. Given the difficulty of observing documentation procedures in the rush to dispose of the dead, it was considered unlikely that a definitive total would ever be established.
Coast Guard aircraft, following the 7. Coast Guard Further deaths occurred as serious injuries went untreated in the absence of medical staff and supplies.When the Magnitude Earthquake Hit Haiti and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle.
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Watch video · The quake was one of the strongest to hit Haiti since a magnitude quake struck near the capital Port-au-Prince in , killing thousands of people in the impoverished Caribbean country. Haiti Earthquake On January 12, , the country of Haiti was struck by a magnitude earthquake that changed the lives of people living across the nation.
The earthquake struck Haiti before 5pm and was centered about 10 miles South East of Port - au - Prince, which is the capital city of Haiti. On January 12th an approximately magnitude earthquake hit the capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, causing a multitude of problems to the nation and to the people.
After an earthquake happens systematic actions and phenomena happen: profiteering, increase of criminal acts, diseases and epidemics. Magnitude earthquake hits Haiti Date: January 12, Source: U.S. Geological Survey/National Earthquake Information Center Summary: The January 12, , Haiti earthquake occurred in the boundary region separating the Caribbean plate and the North America plate.
On October 6, , at approximately p.m, a magnitude earthquake struck 19 kilometers northwest of Port-de-Paix, Haiti. The earthquake damaged structures and killed 18 people. The earthquake was the strongest to hit Haiti since January 12, , not including the aftershocks of the earthquake, and the shaking was felt as far away as Port-au-Prince.