Run of Kutch region L.
The Mangshan pit viper has suffered severe losses as a result of habitat destruction and overexploitation for food, trade and medicinal purposes, and its population now stands at only about individuals. Captive breeding programmes have been established to boost the Mangshan pit viper population, and its listing on Appendix II of CITES should go some way to help control commercial trade in this species.
A strikingly coloured species, the Mangshan pit viper is a large, yellow-green to dark green snake marked with large brown blotches thinly outlined in black, with variable white markings on the lower jaw and sides of body.
This large but cryptic species was first described by science as recently as This species can grow up to two metres in length, and is thought to be one of the heaviest venomous snakes in the world. An ambush predator which feeds on birds and mammals, the Mangshan pit viper can often be found along trails used by rodents, where it will strike its victims and inject potent venom from its long, tube-like fangs.
Threats Unfortunately for this stunning snake, the combination of over-exploitation, illegal trade and habitat destruction within its range has led to a dramatic decline in its population size. Illegal hunting or collection of the Mangshan pit viper for food, trade or medicinal purposes is currently considered to be the major threat to this species.
Its unique beauty combined with its size, colouration and rarity demands a high value on the black market, primarily within China. Given its small population size, the Mangshan pit viper is also highly vulnerable to extreme weather events such as exceptionally cold spells which can lead to mortality.
Conservation To ensure a positive future for the Mangshan pit viper, conservationists are calling for enhanced patrolling and stricter law enforcement in the two nature reserves in which the species occurs.
Sincethe Mangshan pit viper has been listed under CITES Appendix II which should help control international commercial trade in this beautiful and unique reptile.
Such measures will go some way to reducing habitat destruction and illegal harvesting activities, and in so doing will also benefit other rare species in the region, such as the horned pit viper Protobothrops cornutus and the big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum. Captive breeding of the Mangshan pit viper began inand since then has produced over young, most of which have been released into the wild.
This species lays a clutch of up to 27 eggs and has the potential for producing high numbers in captivity to augment a dwindling wild population.
With the help of zoos in the future, further captive-bred individuals could be reintroduced to their native habitat, boosting wild populations and ensuring the future survival of the Mangshan pit viper.
Find out more about the Mangshan pit viper and its conservation.The famous Salar Jung Museum houses one of the finest collections of art objects anywhere in the world. The Museum began its association with the Mission as an MCC in October for the conservation of manuscripts in Andhra Pradesh.
In , the Government of India adopted an National Wildlife Action Plan to provide the framework of strategy as well as a programme for wildlife conservation.
The action plan was revised, and a new plan () has now been adopted. Objectives of the project The objectives of the project were: (1) to collect and transport crocodile eggs to rehabilitation centres for incubation and rearing of young until they were of a size suitable for release in the wild; and Crocodile conservation in India (2) to locate, establish and manage a network of crocodile rehabilitation.
Conservation Centers in India A number of Conservation Centers have been set up in India for the purpose of studying, propagating, conserving and for the betterment of the highly endangered species of wildlife, both flora and fauna. Elephants in India. India is home to between 50 and 60% of all of Asia’s wild elephants and about 20% of the domesticated elephants. As such, the country is of . ENVIS Centre on Conservation of Ecological Heritage and Sacred Sights of India; ENVIS; C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre is a Centre of Excellence of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Manuscript Conservation Partner Centres (MCPC-s) In order to facilitate and provide assistance to institutions with large holdings of manuscripts, the Mission nominates such institutions as Manuscript Conservation Partner Centres (MCPC-s).
WCS - INDIA The Wildlife Conservation Society – India works to conserve wildlife, backed by science. We work in partnership with the government and many dedicated local organizations to deal with conservation challenges like human wildlife interactions, voluntary relocation of people from the forests, tourism in protected areas, and so on.
The Elephant Conservation Center, located in Sayaboury in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, acts to preserve and protect the Asian elephant, a species that is on its way to extinction. Created in by a team of experts, its program is set up around the wellbeing of .