Other papers The regularity of sound change. Paper submitted to Language. Principles of Linguistic Change, Volume 3:
The latest edition is available on the home page of the Penn Reading Initiative.
When a label is moved using Option-dragit will remain in its new position until the PlotVowels function is called again.
Word labels can be restored with CMD-. SavePlot now saves and restores connections between nuclei and glides. Current papers Language change Transmission and diffusion. This is the final form of the paper, a. The proposals put forward here will be the topic of a conference organized by Ans von Kemanade at Nijmegen on January The paper proposes to integrate the family tree model of language change with the wave model.
The general argument is that the divergence of branches of the family tree is based on the transmission of language structure from adults to children, and the incrementatiaon of changes in progress by children. The diffusion of language contact across branches of the tree is primarily the work of adults who do not preserve structural conditions with the same fidelity, which accounts for the limitations on structural borrowing.
The paper studies in detail the diffusion of the NYC short-a system to four other cities, and the diffusion of the Northern Cities Shift to St. Louis along Route I Language Variation and Change Pursuing the cascade model.
A study of the diffusion of linguistic change from the largest city in a region to the progressively next largest cities, using new data from the Atlas of North American English and data on the diffusion of fast food cuisine terms.
The diffusion of hoagie from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh is traced with an exact account of the time, place and mechanism. In Honor of Peter Trudgill.
Driving forces in linguistic change. In proceedings of the International Conference on Korean Linguistics. This paper deals with triggering events, driving forces and rising levels in linguistic change, and forms part of the synthesis that will be presented in Volume 3 of Principles of Linguistic Change.
Phonetics, phonology and sound change.
The Atlas is now published and available to libraries and individuals, along with a CD which contains the major functions of the web site.
A demonstration copy is available at http: If a library has ordered the Atlas, the web site will be available to all those who have access to the library's electronic data-bases, and the complete text of the Atlas can be downloaded in.
Chapter 11 can be downloaded from the Telsur home page. This document is designed as an aid to instruction in oral reading. It sums up the results of ten years of research on tutoring in low-income schools by identifying the ten most serious decoding problems that struggling readers encounter.
It provides the tutor with the general formulations to use in helping readers understand the general principles of spelling-to-sound relations involved. The paper then shows that the social condition for such divergence is residential segregation, and discusses the social consequences that endanger the lives of speakers of the dialect.
The relation of AAVE to reading failure is considered and the relation of reading failure to the cycle of unemployment, crime and family disruption. The paper concludes that if there should be a substantial social shift towards racial integration, AAVe might become an endangered dialect.
To appear in the Georgetown Round Table volume for Shows how research on the language and culture of African American struggling readers can be used to reduce the minority gap in reading achievement.
What is a reading error?
It returns to the distinction between differences in pronunciation and mistakes in reading, and shows that it is not possible to decide the status of a given possible error in most cases. Results differ for clear errors, pand correct readings, while various types of possible errors tend to behave like one or the other.
From these results, it is possible to determine which phonological and grammatical patterns most require instruction. An entry to sppear in the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences, summarizing the approach to narrative analysis that began with Labov and Waletzkyand incorporating some of the more recent methods that are developed in the three papers posted in the Narrative section below.
This short paper appeared in Narrative Inquiry It argues that before a narrative can be constructed, it must be pre-constructed by a cognitive process that begins with a decision that a given event is reportable.
Pre-construction begins with this most reportable event and proceeds backwards in time to locate events that are linked causally each to the following one, a recursive process that ends with the location of the unreportable event--one that is not reportable in itself and needs no explanation.
Comparison of the chain of events with the generated sequence of narrative clauses will give insight into the work a narrator does in transforming and re-organizing events from real time.The methods he used to collect data for his study of the varieties of English spoken in New York City, published as The Social Stratification of English in New York City (), have been influential in social dialectology.
In the late s and early s, his studies of the linguistic features of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) were also influential: he argued that AAVE .
The following text is a summary of an essay written by James Baldwin in July the 29th in about the time that the issue of African American Vernacular English (AAVE), or simply Black English, was surfacing in the linguistics discipline.
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States.
As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American. African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) has been the center of controversy about the education of African-American youths, the role AAVE should play .
Shows how research on the language and culture of African American struggling readers can be used to reduce the minority gap in reading achievement.9/22/ What is a reading error?
This paper is a recent result of the UMRP research on profiles of reading errors among African American, Euro-American and Latino children throughout the country.